The Apaleador Phase
The apaleador props up the hat on a large stone, and uses a wooden mallet to pound and soften it.
Sulphur is sprinkled at every stage, so as to whiten and soften everything as much as possible.
The cortador fixes the straw with a strong, sharp blade and shaves off the fringe at the brim.
This is the phase where the hat is given its definitive shape using rounded and flat wooden blocks, a tape measure and steam. The shape of the crown and width vary in different styles.
Borsalino uses completely natural materials and respects the Washington Convention on straw sales.